An adoring crowd gathers to meet the Iranian negotiators as Emily Buchanan reports
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius says some EU sanctions on Iran could be lifted as early as next month, as part of a nuclear deal with world powers.
He was speaking after crowds in Tehran cheered negotiators who had agreed to curb some of Iran’s nuclear activities in return for sanctions relief.
The six-month interim deal agreed in Geneva prompted a fall in oil prices on markets on Monday.
But Israel’s prime minister has warned the agreement is a “historic mistake”.
On Monday Benjamin Netanyahu announced that an Israeli team led by national security adviser Yossi Cohen would travel to Washington for talks on the deal.
“This accord must bring about one outcome: the dismantling of Iran’s military nuclear capability,” he said.
On Sunday, US President Barack Obama told Mr Netanyahu in a phone call that the US understood Israel “has good reason to be sceptical about Iran’s intentions” and promised to consult its ally closely, the White House said.
Mr Netanyahu has warned that Israel “will not allow a regime that calls for the destruction of Israel to obtain the means to achieve this goal.”
Saudi Arabia – Iran’s regional rival – cautiously welcomed the deal on Monday.
“This agreement could be a first step towards a comprehensive solution for Iran’s nuclear programme, if there are good intentions,” a statement said.
However, a London-based Saudi official earlier told the BBC his country had been lied to.
UK Foreign Secretary William Hague welcomed the Geneva accord, but said it was only a “first step”.
“We are right to test to the full Iran’s readiness to act in good faith,” he told the House of Commons.
‘Nothing is settled’
Mr Fabius told French radio that “Iran is committed to giving up the prospect of nuclear weapons. It’s perfectly clear”.
How Iranians reacted to the news of a deal on social media
However, he insisted the temporary deal could be reversed if its terms were not adhered to.
Asked when sanctions could start to be lifted, he said it could begin “in December.”
Baroness Ashton’s spokesman Michael Mann said the timing would be co-ordinated with Iran.
“It could be in December, it could be in January, it depends how long the legislative process takes,” he told reporters.
Under the deal which will last six months, Iran would receive some $7bn (£4.3bn) in “limited, temporary, targeted, and reversible [sanctions] relief” while a permanent agreement is sought.
In return, Tehran has agreed to a series of measures.
Key points of the deal include:
- Iran will stop enriching uranium beyond 5% and “neutralise” its stockpile of uranium enriched beyond this point
- Iran will give greater access to inspectors including daily access at Natanz and Fordo – two of Iran’s key nuclear sites
- There will be no further development of the Arak plant which it is believed could produce plutonium
- In return, there will be no new nuclear-related sanctions for six months if Iran sticks by the accord
- Some sanctions will be suspended on trading in gold and precious metals, on Iran’s car-making sector and its petrochemical exports.
- Frozen oil sale assets will be transferred in instalments, bringing in some $4.2bn (£2.6bn) of extra revenue
Arriving at Tehran’s Mehrabad airport, Iran’s negotiators were welcomed by hundreds of cheering supporters carrying flowers and flags.
A crowd welcomed the negotiators on their return to Tehran – in this photo from Iran’s Isna agency
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif was welcomed on his return to Tehran
Most Iranian newspapers backed the Geneva deal that agreed a limited easing of sanctions
Addressing state TV, Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif said Iran was prepared to take the necessary steps to keep the deal on track.
World powers have suspected Iran of secretly trying to develop a nuclear bomb – a charge Iran strongly denies.
A raft of sanctions has been imposed on Iran by the UN, US and the European Union.
President Obama welcomed the deal, saying it would “help prevent Iran from building a nuclear weapon”.
It has also been revealed that the US and Iran held a series of face-to-face talks in recent months that paved the way for the agreement but were kept secret even from their allies.
The interim agreement with Iran – the world’s fourth-largest oil producer – prompted a fall in oil prices in early Asian trading with Brent crude falling by more than 2%.
Benjamin Netanyahu: “It’s a historic mistake”
Although Iran will not be allowed to increase its oil sales for six months, analysts say the deal is perceived by the markets as reducing risk in the Middle East.
Earlier, US Secretary of State John Kerry told ABC’s This Week programme that he hoped Congress would not pass new sanctions on Iran.
Some senators have expressed concerns about the deal and say more sanctions are possible.
In a nationwide broadcast on Sunday, President Rouhani repeated that his country would never seek nuclear weapons.
“No matter what interpretations are given, Iran’s right to enrichment has been recognised,” he said.
The deal comes just over three months since Mr Rouhani – regarded as a relative moderate – took office replacing the hardline Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
It has also been backed by Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say in nuclear matters.
Key sanctions against Iran since 2006
|Year||United Nations||USA||European Union|
|Source: UN, US Treasury, AFP, United States Institute of Peace|
|2006||Resolution 1737 bans supply, sale or transfer of materials that could be used for nuclear or ballistic weapons. Entities and individuals’ assets frozen.||Trade between the two countries has been restricted since 1979.|
|2007||Resolution 1747 bans Iran’s arms exports, freezes assets and restricts travel of more individuals engaged in nuclear activities.|
|2008||Resolution 1803 urges vigilance when dealing with Iranian banks. Introduces further asset freezes and travel bans.||US banks are further prevented from processing so-called “U-turn transfers” of money involving Iran.|
|2009||No additional resolutions|
|2010||Resolution 1929 imposes further restrictions on arms supply, including tanks and helicopters. More individuals and firms added to sanctions list.||Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability and Divestment. Targets supply of fuel to Iran by non-US firms.||Bans technical assistance in oil sector. Restricts banks and adds names to UN travel ban list.|
|2011||US tightens restrictions against foreign firms and financial institutions trading in the fuel sector.||Assets of 243 Iranian entities and about 40 individuals are frozen. More visa bans imposed.|
|2012||Further sanctions against the oil sector and on banks accused of doing business with Tehran.||Bans Iran oil imports and freezes assets of the Iranian Central Bank. Further asset freezes and travel bans follow.|
|2013||New sanctions on Iran’s Rial currency and the automotive sector.|