The White House believes this to be a historic moment. This deal that would clamp down on Tehran’s nuclear activities for at least 10 years but then slowly ease restrictions on programs that could be used to make atomic arms. Originally The U.S. had originally sought restrictions for 20 years but have conceded to a 10 year agreement. Obama is trying to prevent Congress from passing new sanctions against Iran, he believe this would hurt negotiations and rekindle the threat of a new Mideast war.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said, “We made progress,” as he bade farewell to members of the American delegation at the table with Iran. More discussions between Iran and the six nations engaging it were set for next Monday, a senior U.S. official said.
This agreement will reward Iran for good behavior over the last years of the agreement, then will gradually lift constraints on its uranium enrichment and slowly ease economic sanctions.
Iran claims it needs the nuclear deal only for energy, medical and scientific purposes, but the reality is that it can be re-engineered to produce the fissile core of a nuclear weapon. Currently it is believed by experts that Iran could produce the equivalent of one weapon’s worth of enriched uranium with its present operating 10,000 centrifuges.
Under a possible agreement, Iran also would be forced to ship out most of the enriched uranium it produced or change it to a form that would be difficult to convert for weapons use. It takes about one ton of low-enriched uranium to process into a nuclear weapon, and officials said that Tehran could be restricted to an enriched stockpile of no more than about 700 pounds.
But even if the two sides agree to a preliminary deal in March and a follow-up pact in June, such a two-phase arrangement will face fierce criticism from Congress and Israel, both of which will argue it fails to significantly curb Tehran’s nuclear weapons potential.
Iran seeks relief from sanctions they claim are crippling its economy and the U.S. is talking about phasing out these measures.
REPORTS FROM THE IRANIAN PRESS
In an article from Press the U.S. is being portrayed as desperate. The headline, “Obama ‘under pressure’ to reach nuclear agreement with Iran: Analyst.”
“It’s quite obvious to everyone that Mr. Obama would like to have a deal with Iran,” said James George Jatras, a former US diplomat and adviser to the Senate Republican leadership.
“I doubt very much that the United States would walk away from the negotiations because this is such a strong priority for Mr. Obama who otherwise has very little to show in the realm of foreign policy,” he added.
This deal will allow Iran to be become a Nuclear Threshold Country, is this something that the U.S. should allow under the cover of diplomacy?
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