echo ''; Clamorworld » In everyday life every one of us comes across various experiences, incidents which we either don’t share with anyone or share with family members and friends. Print media, electronic media and various medium shows the news, but its ends up showing one sided of the story. We never come to know the other side of story. With so much happening every day, every second across our neighborhood, society, and world it’s difficult for the news media to cover all the news. Many times we have felt wish we could share our voice, opinion, thoughts with the world. Many a times we have felt the frustration, anger and helplessness for not being able to do anything about an incident. Have you ever felt, for a good cause, you need support, but don’t know how to garner the support and attention. So, now you have an option “www.Clamorworld.com“. This is a platform to share everything you want to. A website 100% runs by the people for the people. The world is waiting to listen to your voice, the voice which has kept you suppressed so far. If you do not want to share the incident, event personally, please send it to us at contact@clamorworld.com, and we will share it on your behalf and assure to keep your name confidential. Let’s make this world a peaceful and a happy place to live. » Bananas may become extinct in 5 to 10 years due to fungal diseases: Study

Bananas may become extinct in 5 to 10 years due to fungal diseases: Study

 

Bananas – one of the world’s top five staple foods – may become extinct in just five to 10 years due to fast-advancing fungal diseases, scientists have warned.

Researchers at the University of California, Davis discovered how three fungal diseases have evolved into a lethal threat to the world’s bananas.

The discovery better equips researchers to develop hardier, disease-resistant banana plants and more effective disease-prevention treatments.

“We have demonstrated that two of the three most serious banana fungal diseases have become more virulent by increasing their ability to manipulate the banana’s metabolic pathways and make use of its nutrients,” said Ioannis Stergiopoulos, from UC Davis.

“This parallel change in metabolism of the pathogen and the host plant has been overlooked until now and may represent a ‘molecular fingerprint’ of the adaption process,” he said.

The banana is one of the world’s top five staple foods. About 100 million tonnes of bananas are produced annually in nearly 120 countries.

However, the global banana industry could be wiped out in just five to 10 years by fast-advancing fungal diseases.

That would prove devastating to millions of small-scale farmers who depend on the fruit for food, fibre and income. Already, Sigatoka – a three-fungus disease complex – reduces banana yields by 40 percent.

The Sigatoka complex’s three fungal diseases – yellow Sigatoka (Pseudocercospora musae), eumusae leaf spot (Pseudocercospora eumusae) and black Sigatoka (Pseudocercospora figiensis) – emerged as destructive pathogens in just the last century.

Eumusae leaf spot and black Sigatoka are now the most devastating, with black Sigatoka posing the greatest constraint to banana production worldwide.

All commercial “dessert” bananas are of the Cavendish variety and are grown from shoot cuttings.

“The Cavendish banana plants all originated from one plant and so as clones, they all have the same genotype – and that is a recipe for disaster,” Stergiopoulos said, noting that a disease capable of killing one plant could kill them all.

Researchers sequenced the genomes of eumusae leaf spot and black Sigatoka, comparing their findings with the previously sequenced yellow Sigatoka genome sequence.

They discovered that this complex of diseases has become lethal to banana plants not just by shutting down the plant’s immune system but also by adapting the metabolism of the fungi to match that of the host plants.

As a result, the attacking fungi can produce enzymes that break down the plant’s cell walls. This allows the fungi to feed on the plant’s sugars and other carbohydrates.

The research was published in the journal PLOS Genetics.

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