DON’T MISS 1 – 6 of 10 10 things you need to know about Black money


India will now be able to track black money held in Swiss bank accounts.  Switzerland has finally agreed to share information on funds held in its banks to fight tax evasion and concealment of illicit funds.

Switzerland has been under severe pressure to co-operate with countries across the world and divulge data on funds parked in Swiss banks. Swiss banks are known to have strict client confidentiality clause and hence are a popular haven for illicit income.

Here are the 10 things you need to know about Black money and India

1) Swiss banks will now have to bring down the wall of secrecy around its account holders and divulge information regarding overseas money held in banks. 58 countries worldwide have signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

2) Indians hold about Rs 9,000 crore or 2.18 billion Swiss francs in Swiss Banks at the end of 2012 according to data released by Swiss National Bank. The overall amount held in Swiss banks by entities from across the world is estimated at around Rs 90 lakh crore.

3) Swiss National Bank’s report also states as of end 2012, out of the total 2.18 billion Swiss franc deposits by Indian individuals and entities- 1.34 billion Swiss francs were held directly by Indian individuals and entities and the rest 77 million Swiss francs was via ‘fiduciaries’ or wealth managers.

4) India saw black money outflow of $123 billion from 2001-2010. India ranks eighth and is among the top ten developing countries with illicit funds outflow at $1.6 billion according to a report by Global Financial Integrity in December 2012.

5) The report from Global Financial Integrity’s also says that the total outflow of black money from India since Independence until 2010 was $232 billion. The aggregate value of illicit assets held by Indians from 1947 to 2010 is estimated at $487 billion.

6) Global Financial Integrity’s report titled Illicit Financial Flows found that only 27.8% of India’s illicit assets are held domestically and 73% make their way overseas.

7) In 2012, India was ranked 94 out of 176 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. It was tied with Benin, Colombia, Djibouti, Greece, Moldova, Mongolia, and Senegal.

8) Transparency International in 2008 reported that about 40% of Indians have paid bribes to get a job done in public offices. This figure was 62% in a study conducted by the same firm in 2005.

9) An Indian government report claims that as of December 2012, it conducted 2603 surveys and has detected Rs 8255 crore in undisclosed income in the country. This figure was Rs 6572.75 crore in the year 2011-12 when 3706 surveys were conducted.

10) In a White paper on Black Money tabled in Parliament in 2012, the government conceded that the real estate sector is one of the largest holders of illicit income and unaccounted funds. A large number of transactions are not reported and a vast number are under reported. As the realty sector contributes 11 percent to GDP, this huge amount of under reporting is a huge dent to the treasury.

The world’s least corrupt nations

With a large welfare state and a highly prosperous economy, Demark is ranked as the least corrupt country in the world.
Score: 90

Finland is known to have a very low number of corruption charges. It is believed that the nation has successfully fought against government corruption and now Finland’s records are among the worlds most transparent.
Score: 90

New Zealand
New Zealand is very well known for its democratic institutions strength, government transparency and lack of corruption.
Score: 90

Sweden is considered to be one of the most highly developed states in the world. The country is ranked among the top 10 least corrupt countries in the world.
Score: 88

Singapore is consistently rated as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. Singapore is known for its freedom of speech, effective criminal justice, order and security.
Score: 87

Switzerland has the best environment records among nations in the developed world. It is among the oldest constitutions in the world and ranks as one of the top 10 countries with least corruption.
Score: 86

With an organized political culture, Australia is listed among the world’s top 10 countries which are known to be transparent and least corrupt.
Score: 85

Norway uses a civil law system and features a free market activity. The country is one of the least corrupt countries in the world and a notable participant in international development.
Score: 85

The Canadian government guarantees basic rights and freedoms that is usually not overridden. This makes Canada one of the least corrupt countries in the world.
Score: 84

Netherlands characterized by its neutrality and has a long tradition of social tolerance. The country is listed among the world’s least corrupt countries.
Score: 84


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